One of the major problems being experienced by many women all over the world is the presence of the fibroids in the uterus. Uterine fibroids commonly occur in women of childbearing age. About 20% to 40% of the entire female population worldwide is likely to be affected by uterine fibroids. In many cases, surgery is the only treatment which involves the removal of the fibroids or the entire uterus.
Many women suffering from fibroids leave them as is without having them treated, in the belief that the fibroids will shrink in size and will disappear after menopause. However, the risk here is that the fibroids may grow extremely huge prior to menopause until it gives rise to other health conditions. There are also cases when the symptoms get even worse after menopause. It is therefore advisable for post-menopausal women to consult a physician regularly and to have uterine fibroids examined. There is likelihood of fibroids growing into cancerous tumors after menopause. They should then be monitored well after menopause, and treatment must be undertaken. Below are some of the symptoms of the presence of fibroids prior to and after menopause.
Pain and discomfort:
Patients will be experiencing extreme menstrual aches and may also find sexual intercourse painful. Back or spine discomfort will also be experienced, worse after menopause. This is due to the tumors pressing on the other internal organs.
The larger fibroids will press on the urinary bladder and this then results in frequent urination. This will be experienced only if the fibroids are huge and are impinging on the bladder.
The abdominal region would feel bloated, similar to bloating experienced prior to a menstrual period.
As the fibroids rapidly grow in size, they will start exerting pressure on the pelvic cavity. As the fibroids start pressing on the surrounding internal organs, extreme pain may be felt within the area.
The exact causes of uterine fibroids remain unknown. But it is believed that genetics plays a key role as one of the major causes of these unwanted growths. They feed on blood vessels connected to the uterus, and as estrogen levels increase, they also increase in size. Usually, the fibroids shrink in size and will disappear after menopause because a woman’s hormone levels begin to decrease at the onset of menopause. However, in some cases, they will still thrive. For women undergoing HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy), the uterine fibroids will not shrink in size and disappear after menopause. HRT is often prescribed for women whose hormone levels decline drastically after menopause, such that they experience extreme discomfort; it is also administered to the prematurely or surgically menopausal to prevent dementia and prolong life. On the other hand, those who are not medicating may still have a chance that their fibroids would shrink in size and eventually disappear.
And since not all women would go through the same hormonal changes, it is extremely important for women to have regular physical check-ups even after menopause. If fibroids have already been detected but no surgery is undertaken, the fibroids should be closely and regularly monitored, and this should be done simultaneously with drug therapy.