Cysts that are in the uterus are harmless and are noncancerous. They will generally be located within the wall of the uterus and are round in shape. The cysts are sacs which contain fluid or gas. Fibroids are in the forms of cysts at the time of their growth and are able to grow because of a constant blood supply. About 30 to 40% of women have cysts in the uterus, and they more commonly affect African-American women. These cysts, which originate from one muscle cell, multiply and grow depending on the levels of the hormone estrogen.
Symptoms of uterine cysts:
Generally, there are no symptoms experienced by the women who have cysts in their uterus. Nevertheless, there are some who experience some type of symptom depending on the size, location, and the number of cysts which are present.
Excessive bleeding during the menstrual cycle is one of the most common symptoms experienced by women with uterine cysts. This is because the cessation of bleeding is caused by the contraction of muscles, but the presence of cysts will prevent the muscle from contracting, resulting in excessive bleeding.
Constipation problems will also occur because the cysts that are present will exert pressure on the outer wall of the uterus. Frequent urination is another symptom which is experienced by women who have cysts in their uterus, as the cysts will exert pressure on the bladder, causing the bladder to contract and cause frequent urination.
Pain during sexual intercourse will also be experienced when cysts are present in the area of the cervix. Problems like infertility may happen because of the fibroids which are present in the inner lining of the uterus, as they prevent the sperm from meeting with and fertilizing the egg.
Women who are prone to developing cysts are those who have never been pregnant, and those who have a family history of uterine cysts. Moreover, women of African–American descent are more likely to be affected by cysts in the uterus than women of other races.
If you come up with any of the symptoms mentioned above, it would be best to consult a doctor to confirm the presence of cysts in your uterus. The doctor will perform some tests and other methods to make a confirmation, after which a treatment regimen will be prescribed.
As cysts do not usually exhibit symptoms, their presence may be incidentally discovered during annual physical exams, specifically during pelvic exams. This is confirmed via ultrasound examinations.
The doctor will first ask you to wait for some weeks to see whether the cyst could dissolve by itself. If the cyst gets dissolved then there are no surgeries or any other method needed to treat it. However, if the cysts do not go away on their own, some other treatment method is needed.
The most common method is the laparoscopic method which involves two or more small incisions near the abdomen. A device called a laparoscope will be inserted to remove the cyst. This treatment is particularly done for cysts which are small and are partially solid.