Fibroids are not permanent growths in the uterus. They are simply made up of muscular tissues in the form of cysts. Fibroids grow because of the oversecretion of estrogen. No other specific cause has been discovered until now. Estrogen secretion determines the size of the uterine fibroids. If the estrogen level is low, the size of the fibroid is small; when estrogen levels are high, on the other hand, the fibroids also increase in size.
Shrinking the fibroids is therefore done by controlling the estrogen secretions. Fibroids, when not exhibiting any symptoms, need not be cured; but if they cause painful symptoms, the appropriate treatment should be delivered at the right time. Fibroids can be shrunk both by medication and natural means.
Medication for shrinking fibroids:
Drugs prescribed against fibroids are never guaranteed to deliver perfect results. That is, drugs can only control the fibroids for a certain period and they cannot be kept from recurring. Most of the drugs for treating fibroids are of the anti-inflammatory type. These drugs can only shrink the fibroids by controlling or reducing the level of estrogen. During pregnancy, the estrogen levels are high and understandably, when fibroids are present, they tend to enlarge during this period. Ibuprofen is the commonly used drug to shrink fibroids in the uterus. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) has the tendency to suppress estrogen secretions as well. This is also helpful in reducing the blood supply to the fibroids. GnRH produces a temporary or false menopause through which the body takes control over the reproductive system.
Supplements to shrink fibroids:
It is not only the artificial drugs that have been found effective in treating fibroids but the natural nutrients as well. Supplements of both the herbal and the non-herbal types are commonly used to shrink fibroids. Zinc, vitamin A, vitamin C, Chinese skullcap and L-arginine are some of the supplements that can suppress the effect of fibroids. These supplements are helpful in reducing the effects of fibroid when pregnant. L-arginine is not a frequently heard supplement but it has been used for controlling estrogen secretions and for achieving a perfect body balance.
Uterine artery embolization:
Uterine artery embolization is a treatment method employed to shrink fibroids and thereby reduce the symptoms during pregnancy. The painful symptoms and the heavy bleeding during the reproductive period are all reduced by this particular treatment technique. Uterine artery embolization is intended to cut down the blood supply to the fibroids. By preventing the blood flow to the fibroids and also by controlling the estrogen levels it is easy to reduce the debilitating effects of uterine fibroids.
This method has been considered as the most desirable treatment for curing post-traumatic pelvic bleeding. This treatment is done after monitoring the uterus through an MRI scan. Magnetic resonance imaging gives a clear-cut view of the entire uterus, detects alternate causes for the exhibited symptoms, and identifies pathology that would make embolization a poor choice and instead point to alternative treatments.
These are just some of the effective measures to be followed to shrink fibroids. Shrinking fibroids by natural methods, however, is still the safest option.